Chronic administration of thiazolidinediones might predispose to cardiac hypertrophy. The aim was to investigate direct effects of rosiglitazone in rat ventricular cardiomyocytes maintained in vitro (24 h). Rosiglitazone (=10-5 M) did not increase protein synthesis and produced small inconsistent increases in cellular protein. In the presence of serum (10% v/v), but not insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1, 10-8 M) or insulin (1 U/ml), an interaction with rosiglitazone to stimulate protein synthesis was observed. The hypertrophic responses to noradrenaline (5×10-6 M), PMA (10-7 M) and ET-1 (10-7 M) were not attenuated by rosiglitazone. Rosiglitazone (10-7 M) did not influence protein synthesis in response to insulin (1 U/ml) and elevated glucose (2.5×10-2 M) alone or in combination, but attenuated the increase in protein mass observed in response to elevated glucose alone. In re-differentiated cardiomyocytes, a model of established hypertrophy, rosiglitazone (10-8 M–10-6 M) increased protein synthesis. Together, these data indicate that rosiglitazone does not initiate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy directly in vitro. However, during chronic administration, the interaction of rosiglitazone with locally-derived growth-regulating factors may make a modest contribution to cardiac remodelling and influence the extent of compensatory hypertrophy of the compromised rat heart.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience