This paper examines the rheology, hydration kinetics and development of the compressive strength of cement mortars including nanosilica and fly ash. The contents of these materials and the superplasticizer dosage are related to different rheological and strength parameters. Effects on rheology were analysed through yield stress and viscosity. Calorimetry tests were carried out to assess the variations in cement hydration kinetics, and the maximum and minimum heat release rates were analysed. Compressive strength was evaluated at different ages up to 56 days. The equations presented in this paper make it possible to optimize mortar proportionings that fulfil required performance levels in both fresh and hardened states.