Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons

Ashkbiz Danehkar, Ioannis Kourakis, Manfred A. Hellberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Interaction of a stream of high-energy electrons with the background plasma plays an important role in the astrophysical phenomena such as interplanetary and stellar bow shock and Earth's foreshock emission. It is not yet fully understood how electrostatic solitary waves are produced at the bow shock. Interestingly, a population of energetic suprathermal electrons were also found to exist in those environments. Previously, we have studied the properties of negative electrostatic potential solitary structures exist in such a plasma with excess suprathermal electrons. In the present study, we investigate the existence conditions and propagation properties of electron-acoustic solitary waves in a plasma consisting of an electron beam fluid, a cold electron fluid, and hot suprathermal electrons modeled by a kappa-distribution function. The Sagdeev pseudopotential method was used to investigate the occurrence of stationary-profile solitary waves. We have determined how the electron-acoustic soliton characteristics depend on the electron beam parameters. It is found that the existence domain for solitons becomes narrower with an increase in the suprathermality of hot electrons, increasing the beam speed, decreasing the beam-to-cold electron population ratio. These results lead to a better understanding of the formation of electron-acoustic solitary waves observed in those space plasma systems characterized by kappa-distributed electrons and inertial drifting (beam) electrons.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISBN (Print)9781479927111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2015
Event41st IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, ICOPS 2014 and the 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS) - Washington, United States
Duration: 25 May 201429 May 2014

Conference

Conference41st IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, ICOPS 2014 and the 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS)
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period25/05/201429/05/2014

Fingerprint

solitary waves
electron beams
acoustics
electrons
bows
hot electrons
shock
electrostatics
space plasmas
fluids
high energy electrons
pseudopotentials
astrophysics
distribution functions
occurrences
propagation
profiles
interactions

Cite this

Danehkar, A., Kourakis, I., & Hellberg, M. A. (2015). Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons. In Plasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on [7012400] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/PLASMA.2014.7012400
Danehkar, Ashkbiz ; Kourakis, Ioannis ; Hellberg, Manfred A. / Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons. Plasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015.
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abstract = "Interaction of a stream of high-energy electrons with the background plasma plays an important role in the astrophysical phenomena such as interplanetary and stellar bow shock and Earth's foreshock emission. It is not yet fully understood how electrostatic solitary waves are produced at the bow shock. Interestingly, a population of energetic suprathermal electrons were also found to exist in those environments. Previously, we have studied the properties of negative electrostatic potential solitary structures exist in such a plasma with excess suprathermal electrons. In the present study, we investigate the existence conditions and propagation properties of electron-acoustic solitary waves in a plasma consisting of an electron beam fluid, a cold electron fluid, and hot suprathermal electrons modeled by a kappa-distribution function. The Sagdeev pseudopotential method was used to investigate the occurrence of stationary-profile solitary waves. We have determined how the electron-acoustic soliton characteristics depend on the electron beam parameters. It is found that the existence domain for solitons becomes narrower with an increase in the suprathermality of hot electrons, increasing the beam speed, decreasing the beam-to-cold electron population ratio. These results lead to a better understanding of the formation of electron-acoustic solitary waves observed in those space plasma systems characterized by kappa-distributed electrons and inertial drifting (beam) electrons.",
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Danehkar, A, Kourakis, I & Hellberg, MA 2015, Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons. in Plasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on., 7012400, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 41st IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, ICOPS 2014 and the 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), Washington, United States, 25/05/2014. https://doi.org/10.1109/PLASMA.2014.7012400

Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons. / Danehkar, Ashkbiz; Kourakis, Ioannis; Hellberg, Manfred A.

Plasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015. 7012400.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons

AU - Danehkar, Ashkbiz

AU - Kourakis, Ioannis

AU - Hellberg, Manfred A.

PY - 2015/1/16

Y1 - 2015/1/16

N2 - Interaction of a stream of high-energy electrons with the background plasma plays an important role in the astrophysical phenomena such as interplanetary and stellar bow shock and Earth's foreshock emission. It is not yet fully understood how electrostatic solitary waves are produced at the bow shock. Interestingly, a population of energetic suprathermal electrons were also found to exist in those environments. Previously, we have studied the properties of negative electrostatic potential solitary structures exist in such a plasma with excess suprathermal electrons. In the present study, we investigate the existence conditions and propagation properties of electron-acoustic solitary waves in a plasma consisting of an electron beam fluid, a cold electron fluid, and hot suprathermal electrons modeled by a kappa-distribution function. The Sagdeev pseudopotential method was used to investigate the occurrence of stationary-profile solitary waves. We have determined how the electron-acoustic soliton characteristics depend on the electron beam parameters. It is found that the existence domain for solitons becomes narrower with an increase in the suprathermality of hot electrons, increasing the beam speed, decreasing the beam-to-cold electron population ratio. These results lead to a better understanding of the formation of electron-acoustic solitary waves observed in those space plasma systems characterized by kappa-distributed electrons and inertial drifting (beam) electrons.

AB - Interaction of a stream of high-energy electrons with the background plasma plays an important role in the astrophysical phenomena such as interplanetary and stellar bow shock and Earth's foreshock emission. It is not yet fully understood how electrostatic solitary waves are produced at the bow shock. Interestingly, a population of energetic suprathermal electrons were also found to exist in those environments. Previously, we have studied the properties of negative electrostatic potential solitary structures exist in such a plasma with excess suprathermal electrons. In the present study, we investigate the existence conditions and propagation properties of electron-acoustic solitary waves in a plasma consisting of an electron beam fluid, a cold electron fluid, and hot suprathermal electrons modeled by a kappa-distribution function. The Sagdeev pseudopotential method was used to investigate the occurrence of stationary-profile solitary waves. We have determined how the electron-acoustic soliton characteristics depend on the electron beam parameters. It is found that the existence domain for solitons becomes narrower with an increase in the suprathermality of hot electrons, increasing the beam speed, decreasing the beam-to-cold electron population ratio. These results lead to a better understanding of the formation of electron-acoustic solitary waves observed in those space plasma systems characterized by kappa-distributed electrons and inertial drifting (beam) electrons.

U2 - 10.1109/PLASMA.2014.7012400

DO - 10.1109/PLASMA.2014.7012400

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84923025826

SN - 9781479927111

BT - Plasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

ER -

Danehkar A, Kourakis I, Hellberg MA. Electron-acoustic solitons in an electron-beam plasma system with kappa-distributed electrons. In Plasma Sciences (ICOPS) held with 2014 IEEE International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams (BEAMS), 2014 IEEE 41st International Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). 2015. 7012400 https://doi.org/10.1109/PLASMA.2014.7012400