ELECTRON-ENERGY DISTRIBUTION-FUNCTIONS AND NEGATIVE-ION CONCENTRATIONS IN TANDEM AND HYBRID MULTICUSP NEGATIVE HYDROGEN-ION SOURCES

M.B. Hopkins, M. Bacal, Bill Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The second derivative of a Langmuir probe characteristic is used to establish the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) in both a tandem and hybrid multicusp H- ion source. Moveable probes are used to establish the spatial variation of the EEDF. The negative ion density is measured by laser induced photo-detachment. In the case of the hybrid source the EEDF consists of a cold Maxwellian in the central region of the source; the electron temperature increases with increasing discharge current (rising from 0.3 eV at 1 A to 1.2 eV at 50 A when the pressure is 0.4 Pa). A hot-electron tail exists in the EEDF of the driver region adjacent to each filament which is shown to consist of a distinct group of primary electrons at low pressure (0.08 Pa) but becomes degraded mainly through inelastic collisions at higher pressures (0.27 Pa). The tandem source, on the other hand, has a single driver region which extends throughout the central region. The primary electron confinement times are much longer so that even at the lowest pressure considered (0.07 Pa) the primaries are degraded. In both cases the measured EEDF at specific locations and values of discharge operating parameters are used to establish the rate coefficients for the processes of importance in H- production and destruction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalJournal Of Physics D-applied Physics
Volume24
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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