Electron microscopic features of experimental choroidal neovascularization

D. B. Archer, T. A. Gardiner

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Abstract

We produced choroidal neovascularization in the rhesus monkey by diminishing the blood supply to the inner retina and producing defects in Bruch's membrane by photocoagulation. The neovascular fronds which developed either infiltrated the subretinal space or proliferated through necrotic and gliotic retina into the vitreous cavity. Sequential electron microscopic sections of neovascular fronds in the subretinal space demonstrated that the advancing capillary sprouts were composed of primitive endothelial tubes surrounded by pericytes and enmeshed in a loose basement-membrane-like substance. More mature capillaris and displayed endothelial fenestrations and endothelial-pericyte membranous contacts. Large neovascular fronds developed major feeding vessels that closely resembled normal small choroidal arteries and veins. Retinal pigment epithelial cells in various guises were in constant association with proliferating neovascular networks.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)433-457
Number of pages25
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume91
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 1981

Bibliographical note

LR: 20061115; JID: 0370500; ppublish

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Choroid/blood supply/ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Retinal Vessels/radiography/ultrastructure

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