Elimination kinetic of 17 beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17 beta-nandrolone laureate ester metabolites in calves' urine

G. Pinel, L. Rambaud, G. Cacciatore, A. Bergwerff, Christopher Elliott, M. Nielen, B. Le Bizec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Efficient control of the illegal use of anabolic steroids must both take into account metabolic patterns and associated kinetics of elimination; in this context, an extensive animal experiment involving 24 calves and consisting of three administrations of 17 beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17 beta-nandrolone laureate esters was carried out over 50 days. Urine samples were regularly collected during the experiment from all treated and non-treated calves. For sample preparation, a single step high throughput protocol based on 96-well C-18 SPE was developed and validated according to the European Decision 2002/657/EC requirements. Decision limits (CC alpha) for steroids were below 0.1 mu g L-1, except for 19-norandrosterone (CC alpha = 0.7 mu g L-1) and estrone (CC alpha = 0.3 mu g L-1). Kinetics of elimination of the administered 17 beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17 beta-nandrolone laureate were established by monitoring 17 beta-estradiol, 17 alpha-estradiol, estrone and 17 beta-nandrolone, 17 alpha-nandrolone, 19-noretiocholanolone, 19-norandrostenedione, respectively. All animals demonstrated homogeneous patterns of elimination both from a qualitative (metabolite profile) and quantitative point of view (elimination kinetics in urine). Most abundant metabolites were 17 alpha-estradiol and 17 alpha-nandrolone (> 20 and 2 mg L-1, respectively after 17 beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17 beta-nandrolone laureate administration) whereas 17 beta-estradiol, estrone, 17 beta-nandrolone, 19-noretiocholanolone and 19-norandrostenedione were found as secondary metabolites at concentration values up to the mu g L-1 level. No significant difference was observed between male and female animals. The effect of several consecutive injections on elimination profiles was studied and revealed a tendency toward a decrease in the biotransformation of administered steroid 17 beta form. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume110
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Elimination kinetic of 17 beta-estradiol 3-benzoate and 17 beta-nandrolone laureate ester metabolites in calves' urine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this