Emergent gravitational dynamics in a relativistic Bose-Einstein condensate

A. Belenchia*, S. Liberati, A. Mohd

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Analogue models of gravity have played a pivotal role in the past years by providing a test bench for many open issues in quantum field theory in curved spacetime such as the robustness of Hawking radiation and cosmological particle production. More recently, the same models have offered a valuable framework within which current ideas about the emergence of spacetime and its dynamics could be discussed via convenient toy models. In this context, we study here an analogue gravity system based on a relativistic Bose-Einstein condensate. We show that in a suitable limit this system provides not only an example of an emergent spacetime (with a massive and a massless relativistic fields propagating on it) but also that such spacetime is governed by an equation with geometric meaning that takes the familiar form of Nordström theory of gravitation. In this equation the gravitational field is sourced by the expectation value of the trace of the effective stress-energy tensor of the quasiparticles while the Newton and cosmological constants are functions of the fundamental scales of the microscopic system. This is the first example of analogue gravity in which a Lorentz invariant, geometric theory of semiclassical gravity emerges from an underlying quantum theory of matter in flat spacetime.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Article number104015
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2014


  • analogue gravity
  • BEC

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