Emotional speech: towards a new generation of databases

Ellen Douglas-Cowie, N. Campbell, P. Roach, Roderick Cowie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

303 Citations (Scopus)


Research on speech and emotion is moving from a period of exploratory research into one where there is a prospect of substantial applications, notably in human-computer interaction. Progress in the area relies heavily on the development of appropriate databases. This paper addresses the issues that need to be considered in developing databases of emotional speech, and shows how the challenge of developing apropriate databases is being addressed in three major recent projects - the Belfast project, the Reading-Leeds project and the CREST-ESP project. From these and other studies the paper draws together the tools and methods that have been developed, addresses the problems that arise and indicates the future directions for the development of emotional speech databases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-60
Number of pages28
JournalSpeech Communication
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

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