Endothelin 1 Stimulates Ca2+-Sparks and Oscillations in Retinal Arteriolar Myocytes via IP3R and RyR-Dependent Ca2+ Release

J. Tumelty, Kevin Hinds, Peter Bankhead, Neil J. McGeown, Norman Scholfield, Timothy Curtis, Graham McGeown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE:
To investigate endothelin 1 (Et1)-dependent Ca(2+)-signaling at the cellular and subcellular levels in retinal arteriolar myocytes.
METHODS:
Et1 responses were imaged from Fluo-4-loaded smooth muscle in isolated segments of rat retinal arteriole using confocal laser microscopy.
RESULTS:
Basal [Ca(2+)](i), subcellular Ca(2+)-sparks, and cellular Ca(2+)-oscillations were all increased during exposure to Et1 (10 nM). Ca(2+)-spark frequency was also increased by 90% by 10 nM Et1. The increase in oscillation frequency was concentration dependent and was inhibited by the EtA receptor (Et(A)R) blocker BQ123 but not by the EtB receptor antagonist BQ788. Stimulation of Ca(2+)-oscillations by Et1 was inhibited by a phospholipase C blocker (U73122; 10 µM), two inhibitors of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)Rs), xestospongin C (10 µM), 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (100 µM), and tetracaine (100 µM), a blocker of ryanodine receptors (RyRs).
CONCLUSIONS:
Et1 stimulates Ca(2+)-sparks and oscillations through Et(A)Rs. The underlying mechanism involves the activation of phospholipase C and both IP(3)Rs and RyRs, suggesting crosstalk between these Ca(2+)-release channels. These findings suggest that phasic Ca(2+)-oscillations play an important role in the smooth muscle response to Et1 within the retinal microvasculature and support an excitatory, proconstrictor role for Ca(2+)-sparks in these vessels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3874-3879
Number of pages6
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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