Energy distributions of particles ejected from laser-generated pulsed plasmas

F. Caridi*, L. Torrisi, D. Margarone, A. Picciotto, A. M. Mezzasalma, S. Gammino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A study of laser ablation in vacuum of metallic elements (Al, Cu and Ta) at different boiling points is reported. A Nd:YAG laser radiation, 3 ns pulse duration and 109 W/cm2 intensity, produces non-isotropic emission of neutral and ionic species. Mass quadrupole spectrometry, coupled to a 45° electrostatic ion deflection, allows estimation of the energy distributions of the emitted species within the plasma plume as a function of the incident laser energy. Neutrals show typical Boltzmann distributions indicating the plasma temperature. Ions show Coulomb-Boltzmann-shifted distributions, typical of plasma thermal interactions, adiabatic expansion in vacuum and Coulomb interaction between charged species. Surface profiles of the craters and microscopy investigations permitted to study the ablation threshold, the ablation yields and the deposition rate of thin films on silicon substrates. The multi-component structure of the plasma plume emission is described in terms of charge state, ions and neutrals temperature and plasma density. A special regard is given to the study of the ion acceleration process occurring inside the plasma due to a high electrical field generated in the non-equilibrium plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)B449-B456
JournalCzechoslovak journal of physics
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2006 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Ion energy distribution
  • Laser ablation
  • Mass quadrupole spectrometer
  • Neutrals and ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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