In this Letter, we present the first results from updated models of interstellar deuterium chemistry that now include all possible deuterated isotopomers of H3+. We find that in regions of high density and heavy depletion, such as prestellar cores, the inclusion of HD2+ and D3+ enhances the fractionation of ionic and neutral species significantly. Our models are the first to predict the very high atomic D/H ratios (>=0.3) necessary for grain-surface chemistry models to reproduce the high formaldehyde and methanol fractionation seen in star-forming regions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Space and Planetary Science