ENHANCED VOLUME PRODUCTION OF NEGATIVE-IONS IN THE POST DISCHARGE OF A MULTICUSP HYDROGEN DISCHARGE

M.B. Hopkins, M. Bacal, Bill Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we demonstrate a new concept in the production of negative hydrogen ions in a low-pressure multicusp discharge. The discharge voltage is modulated to produce a non-Maxwellian, hot-electron plasma during the current pulse, followed by a cool Maxwellian electron plasma in the post discharge. This procedure, of separating in time the required hot and cold electron plasmas required for volume H- production, is called a temporal filter. The time evolution of the electron energy distribution function is measured using the time-resolved second derivative of a Langmuir probe characteristic. Time-resolved measurements of the negative ion density are made using laser photodetachment. The measurements show that the negative ion density in the center of the source, at a gas pressure of 0.07 Pa, increases by a factor of 2 when the discharge is switched off. At this low pressure the average H- beam current extracted from the source, when operated with a discharge current of 1 A in the pulse modulated mode exceeds the H- beam current from a 5 A continuously operated source. The increase in efficiency of the pulsed source is explained in terms of a two-step H- production mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2009-2014
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume70
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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