The task of classifying the entanglement properties of a multipartite quantum state poses a remarkable challenge due to the exponentially increasing number of ways in which quantum systems can share quantum correlations. Tackling such challenge requires a combination of sophisticated theoretical and computational techniques. In this paper we combine machine-learning tools and the theory of quantum entanglement to perform entanglement classification for multipartite qubit systems in pure states. We use a parameterisation of quantum systems using artificial neural networks in a restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) architecture, known as Neural Network Quantum States (NNS), whose entanglement properties can be deduced via a constrained, reinforcement learning procedure. In this way, Separable Neural Network States (SNNS) can be used to build entanglement witnesses for any target state.
Harney, C., Pirandola, S., Ferraro, A., & Paternostro, M. (2020). Entanglement Classification via Neural Network Quantum States. New Journal of Physics, 22, . https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ab783d