Envelope solitons associated with electromagnetic waves in a magnetized pair plasma

T. Cattaert, Yannis Kourakis, P.K. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The amplitude modulation of magnetic field-aligned circularly polarized electromagnetic (CPEM) waves in a magnetized pair plasma is reexamined. The nonlinear frequency shifts include the effects of the radiation pressure driven density and compressional magnetic field perturbations as well as relativistic particle mass variations. The dynamics of the modulated CPEM wave packets is governed by a nonlinear Schrodinger equation, which has attractive and repulsive interaction potentials for fast and slow CPEM waves. The modulational stability of a constant amplitude CPEM wave is studied by deriving a nonlinear dispersion from the cubic Schrodinger equation. The fast (slow) CPEM mode is modulationally unstable (stable). Possible stationary amplitude solutions of the modulated fast (slow) CPEM mode can be represented in the form of bright and dark/gray envelope electromagnetic soliton structures. Localized envelope excitations can be associated with the microstructures in pulsar magnetospheres and in laboratory pair magnetoplasmas. (C) 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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