Several potential approaches to the enzyme-catalysed synthesis of arene trans-diols have been examined including epoxidation/hydrolysis, bis-benzylic hydroxylation, cis-dihydroxylation/alcohol dehydrogenation/ketone reduction, cisdihydroxylation/cis-trans isomerisation. and multi-enzyme synthesis of trans-dihydrodiol secondary metabolites from primary metabolites. The lack of general applicability of these enzymatic methods has led to the development of several chemoenzymatic routes for the synthesis of a series of trans-dihydrodiols from the readily available cis-dihydrodiol precursors. Partial hydrogenation of cis-dihydrodiol metabolites to yield the corresponding cis-tetrahydrodiols followed by a regioselective Mitsunobu inversion process gave trans-tetrahydrodiols that were in turn converted to trans-dihydrodiols. The formation of anti-benzene dioxides or iron tricarbonyl complexes from the corresponding cis-dihydrodiol precursors provided shorter and more convenient chemoenzymatic routes to trans-dihydrodiols. The application of cis-dihydrodiol metabolites of polycyclic azaarenes in the synthesis of the corresponding arene oxides followed by chemical hydrolysis provides a convenient route to trans-dihydrodiols. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS B-ENZYMATIC|
|Publication status||Published - 02 Dec 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology