Enzyme-Catalysed Synthesis of Cyclohex-2-en-1-one cis-Diols from Substituted Phenols, Anilines and Derived 4-Hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-ones

Derek R. Boyd, Narain D. Sharma, Peter B. A. McIntyre, Paul J. Stevenson, W. Colin McRoberts, Amit Gohil, Patrick Hoering, Christopher Allen

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Abstract

Toluene dioxygenase-catalysed cis-dihydroxylations of substituted aniline and phenol substrates, with a Pseudomonas putida UV4 mutant strain and an Escherichia coli pCL-4t recombinant strain, yielded identical arene cis-dihydrodiols, which were isolated as the preferred cyclohex-2-en-1-one cis-diol tautomers. These cis-diol metabolites were predicted by preliminary molecular docking studie, of anilines and phenols, at the active site of toluene dioxygenase Further biotransformations of cyclohex-2-en-1-one cis-diol and hydroquinone metabolites, using Pseudomonas putida UV4 whole cells, were found to yield 4-hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-ones as a new type of phenol bioproduct. Multistep pathways, involving ene reductase and carbonyl reductase-catalysed reactions, were proposed to account for the production of 4-hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-one metabolites. Evidence for the phenol hydrate tautomers of 4-hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-one metabolites was shown by formation of the corresponding trimethysilyl ether derivatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4002-4014
Number of pages13
JournalAdvanced Synthesis and Catalysis
Volume359
Issue number22
Early online date16 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2017

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