Epigenome-Wide Microarray Analysis of Pre- and Post-Transplant Methylation Profiles in Kidney Transplant Recipients

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Kidney transplantation is the optimal treatment for suitable individuals with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Serious post-transplant complications include infections, cardiovascular events, malignancy, and new onset of diabetes after transplant (NODAT). Our regional nephrology centre has the highest living kidney donor transplant rate per million population in Europe, and promotes research to improve patient outcomes. We compared pre and post-transplant methylation profiles in samples derived from matched participants.

Methods: Epigenome-wide analysis was conducted using the Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC array to interrogate 862,987 sites across the genome and identify any differentially methylated regions (DMR) in samples derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of age and sex matched pre (n=25) and post (n=25) kidney transplant recipients. DNA was extracted in a uniform manner and stored carefully undergoing minimal freeze thaw cycles. Samples were run on the same instrument and regression calibration was performed in R to estimate leukocyte cell proportions.

Results: Association analysis using Partek® GenomicsSuite® identified 53 DMR (FDR adjusted p≤0.1 x 10-8, fold change +/-2). Within the top ranked CpG probes we identified DMR within genes dysregulated in melanoma (e.g. EXOC2, VEPH1), genes encoding extracellular matrix proteins that could influence structural glomerular changes (e.g. SPAM1) and genes with prior chronic kidney disease associations (e.g. FNTA). A DMR was also identified within the long intergenic non-protein coding RNA LINC01544, suggesting possible regulatory function. Additionally, Partek® Pathway™ identified enrichment of DMR in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway, primarily implicated in malignancy but also ESKD and cardiovascular disease. Gene ontology analysis identified enrichment of terms associated with localization and binding within cells.

Conclusions: This analysis provides a novel epigenomic perspective on molecular changes caused by kidney transplantation, and highlights markers that may be of relevance to post-transplant complications. We provide evidence supporting further methylation and transcriptomic analyses in larger cohorts to help identify epigenetic risk factors associated with post-transplant complications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages29
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2020
EventAmerican Society of NephrologyKidney Week 2020 - Digital due to COVID-19, United States
Duration: 19 Oct 202025 Oct 2020
https://kidneyweek.asn-online.org

Conference

ConferenceAmerican Society of NephrologyKidney Week 2020
CountryUnited States
Period19/10/202025/10/2020
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Orlan presentation at conference + abstract Published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, Volume 31, Abstract supplement.

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