Estimating Stellar Radial Velocity Variability from Kepler and GALEX: Implications for the radial velocity confirmation of exoplanets.

Heather Cegla, Keivan G. Stassun, Christopher A. Watson, F. A. Bastein, J. Pepper

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18 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We cross match the GALEX and Kepler surveys to create a unique dataset with both ultraviolet (UV) measurements and highly precise photometric variability measurements in the visible light spectrum. As stellar activity is driven by magnetic field modulations, we have used UV emission from the magnetically heated gas in the stellar atmosphere to serve as our proxy for the more well-known stellar activity indicator, R' HK . The R' HK approximations were in turn used to estimate the level of astrophysical noise expected in radial velocity (RV) measurements and these were then searched for correlations with photometric variability. We find significant scatter in our attempts to estimate RV noise for magnetically active stars, which we attribute to variations in the phase and strength of the stellar magnetic cycle that drives the activity of these targets. However, for stars we deem to be magnetically quiet, we do find a clear correlation between photometric variability and estimated levels of RV noise (with variability up to ~10 m s–1). We conclude that for these quiet stars, we can use photometric measurements as a proxy to estimate the RV noise expected. As a result, the procedure outlined in this paper may help select targets best-suited for RV follow-up necessary for planet confirmation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104
Pages (from-to)104-
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume780
Issue number1
Early online date13 Dec 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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