Estimating the costs of medicalization

P. Conrad, T. Mackie, A. Mehrotra

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    77 Citations (Scopus)


    Medicalization is the process by which non-medical problems become defined and treated as medical problems, usually as illnesses or disorders. There has been growing concern with the possibility that medicalization is driving increased health care costs. In this paper we estimate the medical spending in the U.S. of identified medicalized conditions at approximately 77 billion in 2005, 3.9% of total domestic expenditures on health care. This estimate is based on the direct costs associated with twelve medicalized conditions. Although due to data limitations this estimate does not include all medicalized conditions, it can inform future debates about health care spending and medicalization.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1943-1947
    Number of pages5
    JournalSocial Science & Medicine
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2010


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