Estimation of fetal and effective dose for CT examinations

E J Adams, D S Brettle, A P Jones, A R Hounsell, D J Mott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Doses from CT examinations are difficult to estimate. However, they are requested more frequently due to the increase in CT examinations. In particular, fetal dose estimations are frequently required for patients who have discovered, subsequent to the examination, that they were pregnant when the examination was conducted. A computer model has been developed to facilitate such dose calculations. This model combines empirical beam data with anatomical information. The model has been verified using thermoluminescent dosemeter (TLD) readings of internal and surface dose from both phantoms and patients, including intrauterine doses for patients undergoing afterloading gynaecological intracavitary treatment. Although only limited experimental data were available, the results indicate that the model accurately predicts uterine doses within acceptable errors. This approach has been validated for fetal dose estimation. The model was also used in a comparison with the nationally available CT dose data from the National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB). The two models were found to be in agreement for fetal dose estimations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-8
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Issue number831
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997


  • Computer Simulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Models, Biological
  • Pelvis
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Pregnancy
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Thermoluminescent Dosimetry
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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