Estrogen Receptor-beta Affects the Prognosis of Human Malignant Mesothelioma

G. Pinton, E. Brunelli, B. Murer, R. Puntoni, M. Puntoni, Dean Fennell, G. Gaudino, L. Mutti, L. Moro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an asbestos-related neoplasm with poor prognosis, refractory to current therapies, the incidence of which is expected to increase in the next decades. Female gender was identified as a positive prognostic factor among other clinical and biological prognostic markers for malignant mesothelioma, yet a role of estrogen receptors (ERs) has not been studied. Our goal was to investigate ERs expression in malignant mesothelioma and to assess whether their expression correlates with prognosis. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed intense nuclear ER beta staining in normal pleura that was reduced in tumor tissues. Conversely, neither tumors nor normal pleura stained positive for ER alpha. Multivariate analysis of 78 malignant mesothelioma patients with pathologic stage, histologic type, therapy, sex, and age at diagnosis indicated that FRO expression is an independent prognostic factor of better survival. Moreover, studies in vitro confirmed that treatment with 17 beta-estradiol led to an ER beta-mediated inhibition of malignant mesothelioma cell proliferation as well as p21(CIP1) and p27(KIP1) up-regulation. Consistently cell growth was suppressed by ER beta overexpression, causing a G(2)-M-phase cell cycle arrest, paralleled by cyclin B1 and survivin down-regulation. Our data support the notion that ER beta acting as a tumor suppressor is of high potential relevance to prediction of disease progression and to therapeutic response of malignant mesothelioma patients. [Cancer Res 2009;69(11):4598-604]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4598-4604
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume69
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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