Eternity, knowledge, and freedom

Joseph Diekemper

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    This article addresses the problem of divine foreknowledge and human freedom by developing a modi?ed version of Boethius’ solution to the problem–one that is meant to cohere with a dynamic theory of time and a conception of God as temporal. I begin the article by discussing the traditional Boethian solution, and a defence of it due to Kretzmann and Stump. After canvassing a few of the objections to this view, I then go on to o?er my own modi?ed Boethian solution, according to which temporal reality is fundamentally dynamic, but truth is not. My claim is that there are eternally existing, tenseless propositions, with determinate truth values, but that these are made true by events that come into existence, and are not themselves eternal.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)45-64
    Number of pages20
    JournalReligious Studies
    Issue number1
    Early online date15 May 2012
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


    • divine eternity
    • Metaphysics
    • Time
    • Fatalism


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    • Oxford Templeton Fellowship

      Diekemper, Joseph (Recipient), 2011

      Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively

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