Euclid Definition Study Report

R. Laureijs, J. Amiaux, S. Arduini, J. -L. Auguères, J. Brinchmann, R. Cole, M. Cropper, C. Dabin, L. Duvet, A. Ealet, B. Garilli, P. Gondoin, L. Guzzo, J. Hoar, H. Hoekstra, R. Holmes, T. Kitching, T. Maciaszek, Y. Mellier, F. Pasian & 191 others W. Percival, J. Rhodes, G. Saavedra Criado, M. Sauvage, R. Scaramella, L. Valenziano, R. Bender, F. Castander, A. Cimatti, O. Le Fèvre, H. Kurki-Suonio, M. Levi, P. Lilje, G. Meylan, R. Nichol, K. Pedersen, V. Popa, R. Rebolo Lopez, H. -W. Rix, H. Rottgering, W. Zeilinger, F. Grupp, P. Hudelot, R. Massey, M. Meneghetti, L. Miller, S. Paltani, S. Paulin-Henriksson, S. Pires, C. Saxton, T. Schrabback, G. Seidel, N. Aghanim, L. Amendola, J. Bartlett, C. Baccigalupi, J. -P. Beaulieu, K. Benabed, J. -G. Cuby, D. Elbaz, P. Fosalba, G. Gavazzi, A. Helmi, I. Hook, M. Irwin, J. -P. Kneib, M. Kunz, F. Mannucci, L. Moscardini, R. Teyssier, G. Zamorani, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, O. Boulade, J. J. Foumond, A. Di Giorgio, P. Guttridge, M. Kemp, J. Martignac, A. Spencer, D. Walton, T. Blümchen, C. Bonoli, F. Bortoletto, C. Cerna, L. Corcione, C. Fabron, K. Jahnke, S. Ligori, F. Madrid, G. Morgante, T. Pamplona, E. Prieto, M. Riva, R. Toledo, M. Trifoglio, F. Zerbi, F. Abdalla, M. Douspis, C. Grenet, S. Borgani, R. Bouwens, F. Courbin, J. -M. Delouis, P. Dubath, A. Fontana, M. Frailis, A. Grazian, J. Koppenhöfer, O. Mansutti, M. Melchior, M. Mignoli, J. Mohr, C. Neissner, K. Noddle, M. Poncet, M. Scodeggio, S. Serrano, N. Shane, J. -L. Starck, C. Surace, A. Taylor, G. Verdoes-Kleijn, C. Vuerli, O. R. Williams, A. Zacchei, B. Altieri, I. Escudero Sanz, R. Kohley, T. Oosterbroek, P. Astier, D. Bacon, S. Bardelli, C. Baugh, F. Bellagamba, C. Benoist, D. Bianchi, A. Biviano, E. Branchini, C. Carbone, V. Cardone, D. Clements, S. Colombi, C. Conselice, G. Cresci, N. Deacon, J. Dunlop, C. Fedeli, F. Fontanot, P. Franzetti, C. Giocoli, J. Garcia-Bellido, J. Gow, A. Heavens, P. Hewett, C. Heymans, A. Holland, O. Ilbert, B. Joachimi, E. Jennins, E. Kerins, A. Kiessling, D. Kirk, R. Kotak, O. Krause, O. Lahav, F. van Leeuwen, J. Lesgourgues, M. Lombardi, M. Magliocchetti, K. Maguire, E. Majerotto, R. Maoli, F. Marulli, S. Maurogordato, H. McCracken, R. McLure, A. Melchiorri, A. Merson, M. Moresco, M. Nonino, P. Norberg, J. Peacock, R. Pello, M. Penny, V. Pettorino, C. Di Porto, L. Pozzetti, C. Quercellini, M. Radovich, A. Rassat, N. Roche, S. Ronayette, E. Rossetti, B. Sartoris, P. Schneider, E. Semboloni, S. Serjeant, F. Simpson, C. Skordis, G. Smadja, S. Smartt, P. Spano, S. Spiro, M. Sullivan, A. Tilquin, R. Trotta, L. Verde, G. Williger, G. Zhao, J. Zoubian, E. Zucca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Euclid is a space-based survey mission from the European Space Agency designed to understand the origin of the Universe's accelerating expansion. It will use cosmological probes to investigate the nature of dark energy, dark matter and gravity by tracking their observational signatures on the geometry of the universe and on the cosmic history of structure formation. The mission is optimised for two independent primary cosmological probes: Weak gravitational Lensing (WL) and Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO). The Euclid payload consists of a 1.2 m Korsch telescope designed to provide a large field of view. It carries two instruments with a common field-of-view of ~0.54 deg2: the visual imager (VIS) and the near infrared instrument (NISP) which contains a slitless spectrometer and a three bands photometer. The Euclid wide survey will cover 15,000 deg2 of the extragalactic sky and is complemented by two 20 deg2 deep fields. For WL, Euclid measures the shapes of 30-40 resolved galaxies per arcmin2 in one broad visible R+I+Z band (550-920 nm). The photometric redshifts for these galaxies reach a precision of dz/(1+z) <0.05. They are derived from three additional Euclid NIR bands (Y, J, H in the range 0.92-2.0 micron), complemented by ground based photometry in visible bands derived from public data or through engaged collaborations. The BAO are determined from a spectroscopic survey with a redshift accuracy dz/(1+z) =0.001. The slitless spectrometer, with spectral resolution ~250, predominantly detects Ha emission line galaxies. Euclid is a Medium Class mission of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme, with a foreseen launch date in 2019. This report (also known as the Euclid Red Book) describes the outcome of the Phase A study.
LanguageEnglish
JournalarXiv
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2011

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galaxies
field of view
universe
spectrometers
infrared instruments
probes
European Space Agency
payloads
spectral resolution
photometry
photometers
sky
dark matter
histories
telescopes
gravitation
oscillations
acoustics
geometry
energy

Keywords

  • Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics
  • Astrophysics - Galaxy Astrophysics

Cite this

Laureijs, R., Amiaux, J., Arduini, S., Auguères, J. -L., Brinchmann, J., Cole, R., ... Zucca, E. (2011). Euclid Definition Study Report. arXiv.
Laureijs, R. ; Amiaux, J. ; Arduini, S. ; Auguères, J. -L. ; Brinchmann, J. ; Cole, R. ; Cropper, M. ; Dabin, C. ; Duvet, L. ; Ealet, A. ; Garilli, B. ; Gondoin, P. ; Guzzo, L. ; Hoar, J. ; Hoekstra, H. ; Holmes, R. ; Kitching, T. ; Maciaszek, T. ; Mellier, Y. ; Pasian, F. ; Percival, W. ; Rhodes, J. ; Saavedra Criado, G. ; Sauvage, M. ; Scaramella, R. ; Valenziano, L. ; Bender, R. ; Castander, F. ; Cimatti, A. ; Le Fèvre, O. ; Kurki-Suonio, H. ; Levi, M. ; Lilje, P. ; Meylan, G. ; Nichol, R. ; Pedersen, K. ; Popa, V. ; Rebolo Lopez, R. ; Rix, H. -W. ; Rottgering, H. ; Zeilinger, W. ; Grupp, F. ; Hudelot, P. ; Massey, R. ; Meneghetti, M. ; Miller, L. ; Paltani, S. ; Paulin-Henriksson, S. ; Pires, S. ; Saxton, C. ; Schrabback, T. ; Seidel, G. ; Aghanim, N. ; Amendola, L. ; Bartlett, J. ; Baccigalupi, C. ; Beaulieu, J. -P. ; Benabed, K. ; Cuby, J. -G. ; Elbaz, D. ; Fosalba, P. ; Gavazzi, G. ; Helmi, A. ; Hook, I. ; Irwin, M. ; Kneib, J. -P. ; Kunz, M. ; Mannucci, F. ; Moscardini, L. ; Teyssier, R. ; Zamorani, G. ; Zapatero Osorio, M. R. ; Boulade, O. ; Foumond, J. J. ; Di Giorgio, A. ; Guttridge, P. ; Kemp, M. ; Martignac, J. ; Spencer, A. ; Walton, D. ; Blümchen, T. ; Bonoli, C. ; Bortoletto, F. ; Cerna, C. ; Corcione, L. ; Fabron, C. ; Jahnke, K. ; Ligori, S. ; Madrid, F. ; Morgante, G. ; Pamplona, T. ; Prieto, E. ; Riva, M. ; Toledo, R. ; Trifoglio, M. ; Zerbi, F. ; Abdalla, F. ; Douspis, M. ; Grenet, C. ; Borgani, S. ; Bouwens, R. ; Courbin, F. ; Delouis, J. -M. ; Dubath, P. ; Fontana, A. ; Frailis, M. ; Grazian, A. ; Koppenhöfer, J. ; Mansutti, O. ; Melchior, M. ; Mignoli, M. ; Mohr, J. ; Neissner, C. ; Noddle, K. ; Poncet, M. ; Scodeggio, M. ; Serrano, S. ; Shane, N. ; Starck, J. -L. ; Surace, C. ; Taylor, A. ; Verdoes-Kleijn, G. ; Vuerli, C. ; Williams, O. R. ; Zacchei, A. ; Altieri, B. ; Escudero Sanz, I. ; Kohley, R. ; Oosterbroek, T. ; Astier, P. ; Bacon, D. ; Bardelli, S. ; Baugh, C. ; Bellagamba, F. ; Benoist, C. ; Bianchi, D. ; Biviano, A. ; Branchini, E. ; Carbone, C. ; Cardone, V. ; Clements, D. ; Colombi, S. ; Conselice, C. ; Cresci, G. ; Deacon, N. ; Dunlop, J. ; Fedeli, C. ; Fontanot, F. ; Franzetti, P. ; Giocoli, C. ; Garcia-Bellido, J. ; Gow, J. ; Heavens, A. ; Hewett, P. ; Heymans, C. ; Holland, A. ; Ilbert, O. ; Joachimi, B. ; Jennins, E. ; Kerins, E. ; Kiessling, A. ; Kirk, D. ; Kotak, R. ; Krause, O. ; Lahav, O. ; van Leeuwen, F. ; Lesgourgues, J. ; Lombardi, M. ; Magliocchetti, M. ; Maguire, K. ; Majerotto, E. ; Maoli, R. ; Marulli, F. ; Maurogordato, S. ; McCracken, H. ; McLure, R. ; Melchiorri, A. ; Merson, A. ; Moresco, M. ; Nonino, M. ; Norberg, P. ; Peacock, J. ; Pello, R. ; Penny, M. ; Pettorino, V. ; Di Porto, C. ; Pozzetti, L. ; Quercellini, C. ; Radovich, M. ; Rassat, A. ; Roche, N. ; Ronayette, S. ; Rossetti, E. ; Sartoris, B. ; Schneider, P. ; Semboloni, E. ; Serjeant, S. ; Simpson, F. ; Skordis, C. ; Smadja, G. ; Smartt, S. ; Spano, P. ; Spiro, S. ; Sullivan, M. ; Tilquin, A. ; Trotta, R. ; Verde, L. ; Williger, G. ; Zhao, G. ; Zoubian, J. ; Zucca, E. / Euclid Definition Study Report. In: arXiv. 2011.
@article{2fc3cecadc054bd29fc7048869d36729,
title = "Euclid Definition Study Report",
abstract = "Euclid is a space-based survey mission from the European Space Agency designed to understand the origin of the Universe's accelerating expansion. It will use cosmological probes to investigate the nature of dark energy, dark matter and gravity by tracking their observational signatures on the geometry of the universe and on the cosmic history of structure formation. The mission is optimised for two independent primary cosmological probes: Weak gravitational Lensing (WL) and Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO). The Euclid payload consists of a 1.2 m Korsch telescope designed to provide a large field of view. It carries two instruments with a common field-of-view of ~0.54 deg2: the visual imager (VIS) and the near infrared instrument (NISP) which contains a slitless spectrometer and a three bands photometer. The Euclid wide survey will cover 15,000 deg2 of the extragalactic sky and is complemented by two 20 deg2 deep fields. For WL, Euclid measures the shapes of 30-40 resolved galaxies per arcmin2 in one broad visible R+I+Z band (550-920 nm). The photometric redshifts for these galaxies reach a precision of dz/(1+z) <0.05. They are derived from three additional Euclid NIR bands (Y, J, H in the range 0.92-2.0 micron), complemented by ground based photometry in visible bands derived from public data or through engaged collaborations. The BAO are determined from a spectroscopic survey with a redshift accuracy dz/(1+z) =0.001. The slitless spectrometer, with spectral resolution ~250, predominantly detects Ha emission line galaxies. Euclid is a Medium Class mission of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme, with a foreseen launch date in 2019. This report (also known as the Euclid Red Book) describes the outcome of the Phase A study.",
keywords = "Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics, Astrophysics - Galaxy Astrophysics",
author = "R. Laureijs and J. Amiaux and S. Arduini and Augu{\`e}res, {J. -L.} and J. Brinchmann and R. Cole and M. Cropper and C. Dabin and L. Duvet and A. Ealet and B. Garilli and P. Gondoin and L. Guzzo and J. Hoar and H. Hoekstra and R. Holmes and T. Kitching and T. Maciaszek and Y. Mellier and F. Pasian and W. Percival and J. Rhodes and {Saavedra Criado}, G. and M. Sauvage and R. Scaramella and L. Valenziano and R. Bender and F. Castander and A. Cimatti and {Le F{\`e}vre}, O. and H. Kurki-Suonio and M. Levi and P. Lilje and G. Meylan and R. Nichol and K. Pedersen and V. Popa and {Rebolo Lopez}, R. and Rix, {H. -W.} and H. Rottgering and W. Zeilinger and F. Grupp and P. Hudelot and R. Massey and M. Meneghetti and L. Miller and S. Paltani and S. Paulin-Henriksson and S. Pires and C. Saxton and T. Schrabback and G. Seidel and N. Aghanim and L. Amendola and J. Bartlett and C. Baccigalupi and Beaulieu, {J. -P.} and K. Benabed and Cuby, {J. -G.} and D. Elbaz and P. Fosalba and G. Gavazzi and A. Helmi and I. Hook and M. Irwin and Kneib, {J. -P.} and M. Kunz and F. Mannucci and L. Moscardini and R. Teyssier and G. Zamorani and {Zapatero Osorio}, {M. R.} and O. Boulade and Foumond, {J. J.} and {Di Giorgio}, A. and P. Guttridge and M. Kemp and J. Martignac and A. Spencer and D. Walton and T. Bl{\"u}mchen and C. Bonoli and F. Bortoletto and C. Cerna and L. Corcione and C. Fabron and K. Jahnke and S. Ligori and F. Madrid and G. Morgante and T. Pamplona and E. Prieto and M. Riva and R. Toledo and M. Trifoglio and F. Zerbi and F. Abdalla and M. Douspis and C. Grenet and S. Borgani and R. Bouwens and F. Courbin and Delouis, {J. -M.} and P. Dubath and A. Fontana and M. Frailis and A. Grazian and J. Koppenh{\"o}fer and O. Mansutti and M. Melchior and M. Mignoli and J. Mohr and C. Neissner and K. Noddle and M. Poncet and M. Scodeggio and S. Serrano and N. Shane and Starck, {J. -L.} and C. Surace and A. Taylor and G. Verdoes-Kleijn and C. Vuerli and Williams, {O. R.} and A. Zacchei and B. Altieri and {Escudero Sanz}, I. and R. Kohley and T. Oosterbroek and P. Astier and D. Bacon and S. Bardelli and C. Baugh and F. Bellagamba and C. Benoist and D. Bianchi and A. Biviano and E. Branchini and C. Carbone and V. Cardone and D. Clements and S. Colombi and C. Conselice and G. Cresci and N. Deacon and J. Dunlop and C. Fedeli and F. Fontanot and P. Franzetti and C. Giocoli and J. Garcia-Bellido and J. Gow and A. Heavens and P. Hewett and C. Heymans and A. Holland and O. Ilbert and B. Joachimi and E. Jennins and E. Kerins and A. Kiessling and D. Kirk and R. Kotak and O. Krause and O. Lahav and {van Leeuwen}, F. and J. Lesgourgues and M. Lombardi and M. Magliocchetti and K. Maguire and E. Majerotto and R. Maoli and F. Marulli and S. Maurogordato and H. McCracken and R. McLure and A. Melchiorri and A. Merson and M. Moresco and M. Nonino and P. Norberg and J. Peacock and R. Pello and M. Penny and V. Pettorino and {Di Porto}, C. and L. Pozzetti and C. Quercellini and M. Radovich and A. Rassat and N. Roche and S. Ronayette and E. Rossetti and B. Sartoris and P. Schneider and E. Semboloni and S. Serjeant and F. Simpson and C. Skordis and G. Smadja and S. Smartt and P. Spano and S. Spiro and M. Sullivan and A. Tilquin and R. Trotta and L. Verde and G. Williger and G. Zhao and J. Zoubian and E. Zucca",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "1",
language = "English",
journal = "arXiv",

}

Laureijs, R, Amiaux, J, Arduini, S, Auguères, J-L, Brinchmann, J, Cole, R, Cropper, M, Dabin, C, Duvet, L, Ealet, A, Garilli, B, Gondoin, P, Guzzo, L, Hoar, J, Hoekstra, H, Holmes, R, Kitching, T, Maciaszek, T, Mellier, Y, Pasian, F, Percival, W, Rhodes, J, Saavedra Criado, G, Sauvage, M, Scaramella, R, Valenziano, L, Bender, R, Castander, F, Cimatti, A, Le Fèvre, O, Kurki-Suonio, H, Levi, M, Lilje, P, Meylan, G, Nichol, R, Pedersen, K, Popa, V, Rebolo Lopez, R, Rix, H-W, Rottgering, H, Zeilinger, W, Grupp, F, Hudelot, P, Massey, R, Meneghetti, M, Miller, L, Paltani, S, Paulin-Henriksson, S, Pires, S, Saxton, C, Schrabback, T, Seidel, G, Aghanim, N, Amendola, L, Bartlett, J, Baccigalupi, C, Beaulieu, J-P, Benabed, K, Cuby, J-G, Elbaz, D, Fosalba, P, Gavazzi, G, Helmi, A, Hook, I, Irwin, M, Kneib, J-P, Kunz, M, Mannucci, F, Moscardini, L, Teyssier, R, Zamorani, G, Zapatero Osorio, MR, Boulade, O, Foumond, JJ, Di Giorgio, A, Guttridge, P, Kemp, M, Martignac, J, Spencer, A, Walton, D, Blümchen, T, Bonoli, C, Bortoletto, F, Cerna, C, Corcione, L, Fabron, C, Jahnke, K, Ligori, S, Madrid, F, Morgante, G, Pamplona, T, Prieto, E, Riva, M, Toledo, R, Trifoglio, M, Zerbi, F, Abdalla, F, Douspis, M, Grenet, C, Borgani, S, Bouwens, R, Courbin, F, Delouis, J-M, Dubath, P, Fontana, A, Frailis, M, Grazian, A, Koppenhöfer, J, Mansutti, O, Melchior, M, Mignoli, M, Mohr, J, Neissner, C, Noddle, K, Poncet, M, Scodeggio, M, Serrano, S, Shane, N, Starck, J-L, Surace, C, Taylor, A, Verdoes-Kleijn, G, Vuerli, C, Williams, OR, Zacchei, A, Altieri, B, Escudero Sanz, I, Kohley, R, Oosterbroek, T, Astier, P, Bacon, D, Bardelli, S, Baugh, C, Bellagamba, F, Benoist, C, Bianchi, D, Biviano, A, Branchini, E, Carbone, C, Cardone, V, Clements, D, Colombi, S, Conselice, C, Cresci, G, Deacon, N, Dunlop, J, Fedeli, C, Fontanot, F, Franzetti, P, Giocoli, C, Garcia-Bellido, J, Gow, J, Heavens, A, Hewett, P, Heymans, C, Holland, A, Ilbert, O, Joachimi, B, Jennins, E, Kerins, E, Kiessling, A, Kirk, D, Kotak, R, Krause, O, Lahav, O, van Leeuwen, F, Lesgourgues, J, Lombardi, M, Magliocchetti, M, Maguire, K, Majerotto, E, Maoli, R, Marulli, F, Maurogordato, S, McCracken, H, McLure, R, Melchiorri, A, Merson, A, Moresco, M, Nonino, M, Norberg, P, Peacock, J, Pello, R, Penny, M, Pettorino, V, Di Porto, C, Pozzetti, L, Quercellini, C, Radovich, M, Rassat, A, Roche, N, Ronayette, S, Rossetti, E, Sartoris, B, Schneider, P, Semboloni, E, Serjeant, S, Simpson, F, Skordis, C, Smadja, G, Smartt, S, Spano, P, Spiro, S, Sullivan, M, Tilquin, A, Trotta, R, Verde, L, Williger, G, Zhao, G, Zoubian, J & Zucca, E 2011, 'Euclid Definition Study Report', arXiv.

Euclid Definition Study Report. / Laureijs, R.; Amiaux, J.; Arduini, S.; Auguères, J. -L.; Brinchmann, J.; Cole, R.; Cropper, M.; Dabin, C.; Duvet, L.; Ealet, A.; Garilli, B.; Gondoin, P.; Guzzo, L.; Hoar, J.; Hoekstra, H.; Holmes, R.; Kitching, T.; Maciaszek, T.; Mellier, Y.; Pasian, F.; Percival, W.; Rhodes, J.; Saavedra Criado, G.; Sauvage, M.; Scaramella, R.; Valenziano, L.; Bender, R.; Castander, F.; Cimatti, A.; Le Fèvre, O.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Levi, M.; Lilje, P.; Meylan, G.; Nichol, R.; Pedersen, K.; Popa, V.; Rebolo Lopez, R.; Rix, H. -W.; Rottgering, H.; Zeilinger, W.; Grupp, F.; Hudelot, P.; Massey, R.; Meneghetti, M.; Miller, L.; Paltani, S.; Paulin-Henriksson, S.; Pires, S.; Saxton, C.; Schrabback, T.; Seidel, G.; Aghanim, N.; Amendola, L.; Bartlett, J.; Baccigalupi, C.; Beaulieu, J. -P.; Benabed, K.; Cuby, J. -G.; Elbaz, D.; Fosalba, P.; Gavazzi, G.; Helmi, A.; Hook, I.; Irwin, M.; Kneib, J. -P.; Kunz, M.; Mannucci, F.; Moscardini, L.; Teyssier, R.; Zamorani, G.; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.; Boulade, O.; Foumond, J. J.; Di Giorgio, A.; Guttridge, P.; Kemp, M.; Martignac, J.; Spencer, A.; Walton, D.; Blümchen, T.; Bonoli, C.; Bortoletto, F.; Cerna, C.; Corcione, L.; Fabron, C.; Jahnke, K.; Ligori, S.; Madrid, F.; Morgante, G.; Pamplona, T.; Prieto, E.; Riva, M.; Toledo, R.; Trifoglio, M.; Zerbi, F.; Abdalla, F.; Douspis, M.; Grenet, C.; Borgani, S.; Bouwens, R.; Courbin, F.; Delouis, J. -M.; Dubath, P.; Fontana, A.; Frailis, M.; Grazian, A.; Koppenhöfer, J.; Mansutti, O.; Melchior, M.; Mignoli, M.; Mohr, J.; Neissner, C.; Noddle, K.; Poncet, M.; Scodeggio, M.; Serrano, S.; Shane, N.; Starck, J. -L.; Surace, C.; Taylor, A.; Verdoes-Kleijn, G.; Vuerli, C.; Williams, O. R.; Zacchei, A.; Altieri, B.; Escudero Sanz, I.; Kohley, R.; Oosterbroek, T.; Astier, P.; Bacon, D.; Bardelli, S.; Baugh, C.; Bellagamba, F.; Benoist, C.; Bianchi, D.; Biviano, A.; Branchini, E.; Carbone, C.; Cardone, V.; Clements, D.; Colombi, S.; Conselice, C.; Cresci, G.; Deacon, N.; Dunlop, J.; Fedeli, C.; Fontanot, F.; Franzetti, P.; Giocoli, C.; Garcia-Bellido, J.; Gow, J.; Heavens, A.; Hewett, P.; Heymans, C.; Holland, A.; Ilbert, O.; Joachimi, B.; Jennins, E.; Kerins, E.; Kiessling, A.; Kirk, D.; Kotak, R.; Krause, O.; Lahav, O.; van Leeuwen, F.; Lesgourgues, J.; Lombardi, M.; Magliocchetti, M.; Maguire, K.; Majerotto, E.; Maoli, R.; Marulli, F.; Maurogordato, S.; McCracken, H.; McLure, R.; Melchiorri, A.; Merson, A.; Moresco, M.; Nonino, M.; Norberg, P.; Peacock, J.; Pello, R.; Penny, M.; Pettorino, V.; Di Porto, C.; Pozzetti, L.; Quercellini, C.; Radovich, M.; Rassat, A.; Roche, N.; Ronayette, S.; Rossetti, E.; Sartoris, B.; Schneider, P.; Semboloni, E.; Serjeant, S.; Simpson, F.; Skordis, C.; Smadja, G.; Smartt, S.; Spano, P.; Spiro, S.; Sullivan, M.; Tilquin, A.; Trotta, R.; Verde, L.; Williger, G.; Zhao, G.; Zoubian, J.; Zucca, E.

In: arXiv, 01.10.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Euclid Definition Study Report

AU - Laureijs, R.

AU - Amiaux, J.

AU - Arduini, S.

AU - Auguères, J. -L.

AU - Brinchmann, J.

AU - Cole, R.

AU - Cropper, M.

AU - Dabin, C.

AU - Duvet, L.

AU - Ealet, A.

AU - Garilli, B.

AU - Gondoin, P.

AU - Guzzo, L.

AU - Hoar, J.

AU - Hoekstra, H.

AU - Holmes, R.

AU - Kitching, T.

AU - Maciaszek, T.

AU - Mellier, Y.

AU - Pasian, F.

AU - Percival, W.

AU - Rhodes, J.

AU - Saavedra Criado, G.

AU - Sauvage, M.

AU - Scaramella, R.

AU - Valenziano, L.

AU - Bender, R.

AU - Castander, F.

AU - Cimatti, A.

AU - Le Fèvre, O.

AU - Kurki-Suonio, H.

AU - Levi, M.

AU - Lilje, P.

AU - Meylan, G.

AU - Nichol, R.

AU - Pedersen, K.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Rebolo Lopez, R.

AU - Rix, H. -W.

AU - Rottgering, H.

AU - Zeilinger, W.

AU - Grupp, F.

AU - Hudelot, P.

AU - Massey, R.

AU - Meneghetti, M.

AU - Miller, L.

AU - Paltani, S.

AU - Paulin-Henriksson, S.

AU - Pires, S.

AU - Saxton, C.

AU - Schrabback, T.

AU - Seidel, G.

AU - Aghanim, N.

AU - Amendola, L.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Baccigalupi, C.

AU - Beaulieu, J. -P.

AU - Benabed, K.

AU - Cuby, J. -G.

AU - Elbaz, D.

AU - Fosalba, P.

AU - Gavazzi, G.

AU - Helmi, A.

AU - Hook, I.

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PY - 2011/10/1

Y1 - 2011/10/1

N2 - Euclid is a space-based survey mission from the European Space Agency designed to understand the origin of the Universe's accelerating expansion. It will use cosmological probes to investigate the nature of dark energy, dark matter and gravity by tracking their observational signatures on the geometry of the universe and on the cosmic history of structure formation. The mission is optimised for two independent primary cosmological probes: Weak gravitational Lensing (WL) and Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO). The Euclid payload consists of a 1.2 m Korsch telescope designed to provide a large field of view. It carries two instruments with a common field-of-view of ~0.54 deg2: the visual imager (VIS) and the near infrared instrument (NISP) which contains a slitless spectrometer and a three bands photometer. The Euclid wide survey will cover 15,000 deg2 of the extragalactic sky and is complemented by two 20 deg2 deep fields. For WL, Euclid measures the shapes of 30-40 resolved galaxies per arcmin2 in one broad visible R+I+Z band (550-920 nm). The photometric redshifts for these galaxies reach a precision of dz/(1+z) <0.05. They are derived from three additional Euclid NIR bands (Y, J, H in the range 0.92-2.0 micron), complemented by ground based photometry in visible bands derived from public data or through engaged collaborations. The BAO are determined from a spectroscopic survey with a redshift accuracy dz/(1+z) =0.001. The slitless spectrometer, with spectral resolution ~250, predominantly detects Ha emission line galaxies. Euclid is a Medium Class mission of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme, with a foreseen launch date in 2019. This report (also known as the Euclid Red Book) describes the outcome of the Phase A study.

AB - Euclid is a space-based survey mission from the European Space Agency designed to understand the origin of the Universe's accelerating expansion. It will use cosmological probes to investigate the nature of dark energy, dark matter and gravity by tracking their observational signatures on the geometry of the universe and on the cosmic history of structure formation. The mission is optimised for two independent primary cosmological probes: Weak gravitational Lensing (WL) and Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO). The Euclid payload consists of a 1.2 m Korsch telescope designed to provide a large field of view. It carries two instruments with a common field-of-view of ~0.54 deg2: the visual imager (VIS) and the near infrared instrument (NISP) which contains a slitless spectrometer and a three bands photometer. The Euclid wide survey will cover 15,000 deg2 of the extragalactic sky and is complemented by two 20 deg2 deep fields. For WL, Euclid measures the shapes of 30-40 resolved galaxies per arcmin2 in one broad visible R+I+Z band (550-920 nm). The photometric redshifts for these galaxies reach a precision of dz/(1+z) <0.05. They are derived from three additional Euclid NIR bands (Y, J, H in the range 0.92-2.0 micron), complemented by ground based photometry in visible bands derived from public data or through engaged collaborations. The BAO are determined from a spectroscopic survey with a redshift accuracy dz/(1+z) =0.001. The slitless spectrometer, with spectral resolution ~250, predominantly detects Ha emission line galaxies. Euclid is a Medium Class mission of the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme, with a foreseen launch date in 2019. This report (also known as the Euclid Red Book) describes the outcome of the Phase A study.

KW - Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics

KW - Astrophysics - Galaxy Astrophysics

M3 - Article

JO - arXiv

T2 - arXiv

JF - arXiv

ER -

Laureijs R, Amiaux J, Arduini S, Auguères J-L, Brinchmann J, Cole R et al. Euclid Definition Study Report. arXiv. 2011 Oct 1.