Evaluating geo-environmental variables using a clustering based areal model

Bulent Tutmez*, Uzay Kaymak, A. Erhan Tercan, Christopher D. Lloyd

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Global regression models do not accurately reflect the spatial heterogeneity which characterises most geo-environmental variables. In analysing the relationships between such variables, an approach is required which allows the model parameters to vary spatially. This paper proposes a new framework for exploring local relationships between geo-environmental variables. The method is based on extended objective function based fuzzy clustering with the environmental parameters estimated through on a locally weighted regression analysis. The case studies and prediction evaluations show that the fuzzy algorithm yields well-fitted models and accurate predictions. In addition to an increased accuracy of prediction relative to the widely-used geographically weighted regression (GWR), the proposed algorithm provides the search radius (bandwidth) and weights for local estimation directly from the data. The results suggest that the method could be employed effectively in tackling real world kernel-based modelling problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-41
Number of pages8
JournalComputers and Geosciences
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2012


  • Fuzzy clustering
  • Geo-environmental
  • GWR
  • Local analysis
  • Spatial relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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