Evaluating the Bioactivity of a Novel Antimicrobial and Anticancer Peptide, Dermaseptin-PS4(Der-PS4), from the Skin Secretion of Phyllomedusa sauvagii

Dong Chen, Xiaowei Zhou, Xi Chen, Linyuan Huang, Xinping Xi, Chengbang Ma, Mei Zhou, Lei Wang, Tianbao Chen

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Abstract

Dermaseptins belonging to a large family of cationic membrane-disruption antimicrobial peptides display extensive antibacterial and antiproliferative activities depending on a coil-to-helix transition and the specific structural parameters. Herein, a novel dermaseptin peptide named Der-PS4 was discovered from the skin secretion of the waxy monkey tree frog, Phyllomedusa sauvagii. The complementary DNA (cDNA)-encoding precursor was obtained relying on “shotgun” cloning, and afterwards, a mature peptide amino acid sequence was identified by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and MS/MS. Specimens were chemically synthesized and applied for further functional studies. Structural analysis demonstrated a higher α-helical content in the membrane-mimetic environment compared with that in the ammonium acetate/water circumstance. Der-PS4 displayed a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities against tested pathogenic microorganisms, however, exhibiting slight membrane-damaging effectiveness towards horse red blood cells. Coincident with the inhibitory activities on pathogens, Der-PS4 also showed considerable biofilm eradicating impact. Also, Der-PS4 penetrated cell membrane in a relative short period under each minimum bactericidal concentration. In addition, Der-PS4 possessed antiproliferative capacity against five cancer cell lines, while presenting slight suppressing effect on human microvascular endothelial, HMEC-1. These findings provide a promising insight for the discovery and development of novel drugs from a natural source.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalMolecules
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • dermaseptin; molecular cloning; antimicrobial peptide; anticancer peptide; frog skin secretion

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