Methods: VRs containing various loadings of DPV and LNG were manufactured and in vitro release assessed. Different LNG-only SE samples were also prepared to assess the following parameters: (i) addition cure vs. condensation cure SEs; (ii) different types of addition cure SEs; (iii) mixing time, (iv) cure temperature, (v) cure time; and (vi) LNG particle size. After manufacture, the LNG-only samples were assayed for total drug content using a solvent extraction method. The SE curing reaction and the LNG binding reaction was probed using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Results:
Under certain drug/formulation/processing conditions, LNG was not recoverable from VRs. Further studies using non-ring samples showed that: (a) the phenomenon was only observed with addition cure SEs (and not condensation cure SEs); (b) the extent of binding was dependent upon the type of addition cure SE; (c) micronised LNG showed significantly greater binding than non-micronised LNG; (d) the extent of binding correlated with increased mixing time, cure time and cure temperature.
Conclusions: Careful control of the API characteristics, the SE composition, and the manufacturing conditions will be necessary to establish a practical VR formulation for controlled release of LNG.
|Publication status||Published - 29 Oct 2014|
|Event||HIV R4P - HIV Research for Prevention - Cape Town, South Africa|
Duration: 28 Oct 2014 → 31 Oct 2014
|Conference||HIV R4P - HIV Research for Prevention|
|Period||28/10/2014 → 31/10/2014|
- vaginal ring
- silicone elastomer