Evaluation of the formed interface in biodegradable poly(l-lactic acid)/graphene oxide nanocomposites and the effect of nanofillers on mechanical and thermal properties

George Z. Papageorgiou, Zoe Terzopoulou, Dimitrios Bikiaris, Konstantinos S. Triantafyllidis, Evmorfia Diamanti, Dimitrios Gournis, Panagiotis Klonos, Elias Giannoulidis, Polycarpos Pissis

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50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) and graphene oxide modified with dodekylamine (org-GO) were combined with poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) to prepare new nanocomposites. WAXD patterns showed that in nanocomposites the GO and org-GO was exfoliated, as the characteristic peaks of the filler totally disappeared. Thermal behavior of the nanocomposites was studied with DSC and compared to that of the neat PLLA. Acceleration of crystallization was observed under isothermal or non-isothermal conditions. The org-GO showed enhanced nucleation activity, resulting in faster crystallization rates in the respective nanocomposites. No substantial change in the glass transition temperature was observed, but a lower increase in heat capacity was found in nanocomposites, in good correlation with a lower dielectric strength of the segmental relaxation associated with the glass transition. Biodegradation rates were enhanced in nanocomposites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-57
Number of pages10
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume597
Early online date17 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Dielectric relaxation
  • Graphene oxide
  • Nanocomposites
  • Poly(l-lactic acid)
  • Thermal properties

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