Evidence for induction of DNA double strand breaks in the bystander response to targeted soft X-Rays in repair deficient CHO cells

Genro Kashino*, Keiji Suzuki, Kevin M. Prise, Giuseppe Schettino, Melvyn Folkard, Borivoj Vojnovic, Barry D. Michael, Seiji Kodama, Naoki Matsuda, Masami Watanabe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence is accumulating that irradiated cells produce some signals which interact with non-exposed cells in the same population. Here, we analysed the mechanism of such a bystander effect from targeted cells to non-targeted cells. Firstly, in order to investigate the bystander effect in CHO cell lines we irradiated a single cell within a population and scored the formation of micronuclei. When a single nucleus in the population, of double strand break repair deficient xrs5 cells, was targeted with 1 Gy of Al-K soft X-rays, elevated numbers of micronuclei were induced in the neighbouring unirradiated cells. The induction of micronuclei was also observed when conditioned medium was transferred from irradiated to non-irradiated xrs5 cells. These results suggest that DNA double strand breaks are caused by factors secreted in the medium from irradiated cells. To clarify the involvements of radical species in the bystander response, cells were treated with 0.5%DMSO 1 hour before irradiation and then bystander effects were estimated in xrs5 cells. The results showed clearly that DMSO treatment during X-irradiation suppress the induction of micronuclei in bystander xrs5 cells, when conditioned medium was transferred from irradiated xrs5 cells. Therefore, it is suggested that radical species induced by ionizing radiation are important for producing bystander signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-71
Number of pages3
JournalActa Medica Nagasakiensia
Volume50
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Base damage
  • Bystander effect
  • DNA double strand break
  • DNA repair
  • Microbeam
  • Soft X-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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