Evolution of bridge frequencies and modes of vibration during truck passage

Daniel Cantero, David Hester, James Brownjohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper reports an experimental campaign that aims at measuring the evolution of bridge modal properties during the passage of a vehicle. It investigates not only frequency shifts due to various vehicle positions, but also changes in the shape of the modes of vibration. Two different bridges were instrumented and loaded by traversing trucks or trucks momentarily stationed on the bridge. The measurements were analysed by means of an output-only technique and a novel use of the continuous wavelet transform, which is presented here for the first time. The analysis reveals the presence of additional frequencies, significant shifts in frequencies and changes in the modes of vibration. These phenomena are theoretically investigated with the support of a simplified numerical model. This paper offers an interpretation of vehicle-bridge interaction of two particular case studies. The results clearly show that the modal properties of the vehicle and bridge do change with varying vehicle position.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-464
Number of pages13
JournalEngineering Structures
Early online date23 Sept 2017
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2017


  • vehicle-bridge interaction
  • modal analysis
  • nonstationary
  • wavelet


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