Evolution of the bearing failure map of pinned flax composite laminates aged in marine environment

V. Fiore*, L. Calabrese, T. Scalici, A. Valenza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Aim of the present paper is to evaluate how the bearing behavior of pinned flax composites can be influenced by their exposition to critical environment such as marine one. To this scope, flax fibers/epoxy pinned laminate was exposed up to 60 days to salt-fog environment, according to ASTM B 117 standard. In particular, samples having different hole diameter (D), laminate width (W), and hole center to laminate free edge distance (E) have been tested under single lap bearing tests at varying the aging exposition time. Following this procedure, an experimental 2D failure map clustering main failure modes was created by placing the experimental results in the plane E/D versus W/D ratios, and its variation was analyzed at varying the aging exposition. Experimental results showed that environmental aging induced modification on the mechanical performances of the pinned composite. Furthermore, the failure map, defined by E/D and W/D ratios axes, evidenced a progressive modification of damage mechanisms transitions, at increasing the exposition time. In particular, due to significant reductions of tensile and shear strengths of flax laminate, the progressive fracture by bearing mode was not observed for aged samples, replaced by premature and catastrophic shear out and net tension mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107864
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Early online date07 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020


  • Bearing
  • Failure modes
  • Flax
  • Mechanical joints
  • Salt fog aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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