Epac1 and Epac2 bind cAMP and mediate cAMP-dependent activation of Rap1. cAMP is produced in neutrophils in response to many chemoattractants. This second messenger plays a key role in the regulation of the functions of neutrophils. However, it is still not known whether Epacs are expressed in human neutrophils. We found that stimulation of PLB-985 cells differentiated into neutrophil-like cells, human neutrophils with 8CPT-2Me-cAMP (a selective activator of Epacs), or FK (a diterpene that augments the intracellular level of cAMP) led to GTP-loading of Rap1. Epac1 mRNA was expressed in UND and DF PLB-985 cells, but Epac1 protein was only detected in DF PLB-985 cells. In human neutrophils, the Epac1 transcript was present, and Epac1 protein could be detected by Western blot analysis if the cells had been treated with the serine protease inhibitor PMSF. FK induced adhesion of PLB-985 cells and human neutrophils on fibrinogen, a ligand for beta 2 integrins. Interestingly, in DF PLB-985 cells, but not in human neutrophils, 8CPT-2Me-cAMP induced beta 2 integrin-dependent adhesion. The failure of 8CPT-2Me-cAMP to induce beta 2 integrin-dependent human neutrophil adhesion could be explained by the fact that this compound did not induce a switch of the beta 2 integrins from a low-affinity to a high-affinity ligand-binding conformation. We concluded that Epac1 is expressed in human neutrophils and is involved in cAMP-dependent regulation of Rap1. However, the loading of GTP on Rap1 per se is not sufficient to promote activation of beta 2 integrins. J. Leukoc. Biol. 90: 741-749; 2011.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology