Experimental and computational study of liquid drop over flat and spherical surfaces

P. R. Gunjal, V. V. Ranade*, R. V. Chaudhari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Flow of a liquid droplet over a flat plate and a spherical pellet was studied to improve understanding of wetting in trickle bed reactors. High speed imaging system and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used for this purpose. Experimental data is reported on dynamics of drop rest on a flat and a spherical surface. Micro-scale motion of liquid droplet on these surfaces was captured with a high-speed CCD camera. Images were analyzed to provide quantitative data of drop dynamics. Drop spread and recoiling velocities were reconstructed from the experimental data. CFD model based on the volume of fluid (VOF) method was used to simulate drop dynamics on flat and spherical surfaces. Surface tension and wall adhesion phenomenon were included in the computational model. Simulated drop dynamics was found to capture key qualitative features observed in the experiments. Numerical simulations with three-dimensional domains are essential for quantitative comparison with experimental data. The experimental results and computational model discussed in this paper would be useful for better understanding of wetting in trickle bed reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-273
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Today
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • CFD
  • Droplet dynamics
  • High-speed camera
  • VOF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental and computational study of liquid drop over flat and spherical surfaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this