Experimental and numerical study of hybrid (CFRP-GFRP) composite laminates containing circular cut-outs under shear loading

Mahdi Damghani*, Rakib Ali Pir, Adrian Murphy, Mohammad Fotouhi

*Corresponding author for this work

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Previous works have established the response and failure behaviour of hybrid (CFRP-GFRP) laminates when subjected to a wide range of destabilising loads. However, to date no works have focused on plates with cut-outs under shear loading and quantified the influence of selective laminate shapes and hybridisation on their post-buckling response. Herein, the plate collapse behaviour of a novel X-braced hybrid (CFRP-GFRP) twill woven laminate containing a large circular cut-out (diameter to width ratio of 0.35), subjected to in-plane shear loading is investigated. The study includes a hybrid and a baseline pure CFRP design and employs both experimental and numerical analysis. The experimental results illustrate that despite having less CFRP material, a hybrid laminate design with shaped CFRP plies exhibits greater failure load (+9%), and a greater failure load to buckling load ratio (1.26 compared to 1.12). However, this comes at the cost of a marginally lower initial plate buckling load (-3%). Additionally, the combined experimental and numerical analysis reveals the detailed failure mechanism of both the pure CFRP and hybrid laminates, demonstrating similar behaviour but that the hybrid design endures significantly more widespread shear damage of the matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109752
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Early online date17 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors express their gratitude to Douglas Nash, Daniel Cole and Mark Allonby (technicians at UWE) for their assistance and facilitating the research during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)


  • Cut-out
  • Hybrid composites
  • Laminated composites
  • Nonlinear behaviour
  • Post-buckling behaviour
  • Shear buckling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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