It is known that a considerable amount of tar is usually generated in the biomass gasification process, and catalytic steam reforming is an effective method to remove this by-product. The coupling of in-situ CO2 capture in the process can further shift the forward reforming reaction and produce hydrogen with a high purity. In this work, sorption enhanced steam reforming (SESR) of toluene (as a model compound of biomass tar) was investigated thermodynamically and experimentally using the mechanically mixed Ni/perovskite catalyst and CaO sorbent. It is verified that the appropriate temperature is 650 °C under stoichiometric reaction (S/C = 2), and around 75% average H2 yield with a maximum H2 purity over 95% could be obtained. Moreover, the cyclic SESR-regeneration and characterization including XRD, SEM/EDS, TEM and XPS were carried out, and it shows a stable catalytic performance and compatibility of the Ni/perovskite catalyst in the SESR process for high-purity hydrogen production.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful for financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52076020 ), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2020CDJQY-A050), Foundation of State Key Laboratory of High-efficiency Utilization of Coal and Green Chemical Engineering (No. 2021-K12), and Venture and Innovation Support Program for Chongqing Overseas Returnees (No. cx2017021).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
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- Biomass to hydrogen
- Ni/perovskite catalyst
- Sorption-enhance steam reforming
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Organic Chemistry