Experimental assessment of the shield-to-salt-fog properties of basalt and glass fiber reinforced composites in cork core sandwich panels applications

T. Scalici*, V. Fiore, A. Valenza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of salt-fog exposition on the mechanical behavior of sandwich panels having cork agglomerate core was investigated. In particular, the aim of this research work is to assess the shield function of unidirectional basalt and E-glass reinforced polymer on the aging and failure mechanism of the core when such class of material are destined to operate in hostile environments (e.g., marine environment). To do this, the manufactured sandwich panels were exposed up to 60 days to salt-fog environment, according to ASTM B 117 standard. Unaged and aged specimens were analyzed through three point bending tests after aging time of 10, 25 and 60 days. Digital Image Correlation (DIC) was carried out to perform a strain field analysis of the longitudinal cross-sections. The differences in the mechanical behavior of the synergistic cooperation of the cork core with basalt and glass fiber were highlighted thorough this technique. Moreover, the failure mechanisms related to each combinations for different aging times were described. The experimental results showed that, the intrinsic conditions of the composites (e.g., presence of defects, poor fiber-matrix adhesion), that are strictly linked to the fiber-matrix compatibility and to the impregnation quality, may induce to differences in the local mechanical behavior of the sandwich panels and to a faster aging process of the cork core in the case of basalt fiber skinned sandwich, especially in the first phases of the exposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume144
Early online date23 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basalt fibers
  • Cork
  • Digital image correlation
  • Glass fibers
  • Salt-fog aging
  • Sandwich panels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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