Experimental Saltwater Intrusion in Coastal aquifers Using Automated Image Analysis: Applications to Homogeneous Aquifers.

G. Robinson, Ashraf A. Ahmed, G. A. Hamill

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)
    352 Downloads (Pure)


    This paper presents the applications of a novel methodology to quantify saltwater intrusion parameters in laboratory-scale experiments. The methodology uses an automated image analysis procedure, minimizing manual inputs and the subsequent systematic errors that can be introduced. This allowed the quantification of the width of the mixing zone which is difficult to measure in experimental methods that are based on visual observations. Glass beads of different grain sizes were tested for both steady-state and transient conditions. The transient results showed good correlation between experimental and numerical intrusion rates. The experimental intrusion rates revealed that the saltwater wedge reached a steady state condition sooner while receding than advancing. The hydrodynamics of the experimental mixing zone exhibited similar
    traits; a greater increase in the width of the mixing zone was observed in the receding saltwater wedge, which indicates faster fluid velocities and higher dispersion. The angle of intrusion analysis revealed the formation of a volume of diluted saltwater at the toe position when the saltwater wedge is prompted to recede. In addition, results of different physical repeats of the experiment produced an average coefficient of variation less than 0.18 of the measured toe length and width of the mixing zone.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)304-313
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Hydrology
    Early online date16 Apr 2016
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016


    Cite this