Experimental Scours by Impinging Twin-Propeller Jets at Quay Wall

Yonggang Cui, Wei-Haur Lam, Zhi Chao Ong, Lloyd Ling, Chee Loon Siow, Desmond Robinson, Gerard Hamill

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Experiments were conducted to investigate the seabed scour holes due to the interaction between the twin-propeller jet and quay wall. Vertical quay wall was modelled by using a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic plate in a water tank. The relationship between the positions of the propeller and the vertical quay wall was designed according to the actual working conditions of a ship entering and leaving a port. Propeller-to-wall distance and rotational speed were changed to observe the various scour conditions. The scour depth was measured by using an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV). Primary scour hole was found within the jet downstream and secondary scour hole occurred beneath of the propeller. Third scour hole was found close to the quay wall due to horseshoe vortices. The maximum scour position of this third scour hole was found at the jet centre near the quay wall. Temporal formation of scour holes can be divided into three stages: axial scour formation, obstructed scour expansion and equilibrium stages. The quantitative relationships for six characteristic parameters of the scour pit were established including the maximum scour depth (ɛ_(max,q)), maximum scour depth position (X_(m,q)), maximum scour width (W_(m,q)), length of main scour pit (X_(S,q)), maximum deposition height (Z_(D,q)), and location of maximum deposition height (X_(D,q)).
Original languageEnglish
Article number872
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 02 Nov 2020


  • twin-propeller; propeller jet; scour; quay wall


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