Exploring the Influence of the National Institutional Environment on SME Exporters: Comparative Evidence from Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic

Dilshod Makhmadshoev, Michael Crone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter explores how the internationalization of indigenous SMEs from transition economies is influenced by the national (i.e., home country) institutional environment. The study employs a comparative case study design and is based on original qualitative field research interviews with small business owners/managers and “expert informants” in two “less-developed” transition economies in Central Asia: Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. Our evidence unveils and illustrates how the formal institutional environment (defined as a combination of formal rules, laws, regulations and government policies) influences the export behaviour and performance of indigenous SMEs in the cotton sector. We find that businesses in both countries are affected by certain formal institutions, and provide several illustrations of this. However, comparative analysis of the Tajik and Kyrgyz cases also points to some interesting contrasts between the two countries, which we attribute to the particular nature, pace and extent of the transition process in each country.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternationalization Of Firms From Economies In Transition
Subtitle of host publicationThe Effects of a Politico-Economic Paradigm Shift
EditorsMai Thi Thanh Thai, Ekaterina Turkina
PublisherEdward Elgar
Chapter14
Pages303-333
Number of pages29
ISBN (Print)9781783474691
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2014

Publication series

NameNew Horizons in International Business series

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    Makhmadshoev, D., & Crone, M. (2014). Exploring the Influence of the National Institutional Environment on SME Exporters: Comparative Evidence from Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. In M. T. T. Thai, & E. Turkina (Eds.), Internationalization Of Firms From Economies In Transition: The Effects of a Politico-Economic Paradigm Shift (pp. 303-333). (New Horizons in International Business series). Edward Elgar.