Fabrication and characterisation of poly(sulfonated) and poly(sulfonic acid) dissolving microneedles for delivery of antibiotic and antifungal agents

Akmal Hidayat Bin Sabri, Qonita Kurnia Anjani, Pratik Gurnani, Juan Domínguez-Robles, Natalia Moreno-Castellanos, Li Zhao, Aaron R.J. Hutton, Ryan F. Donnelly*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) arise from microbial ingress into the skin. In this study, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (polyAMPS), which has been reported to exhibit antimicrobial properties was synthesised for the manufacture of microarray patches (MAPs). The free acid and sodium salt of polyAMPS with controlled molar masses and narrow dispersity were synthesised via reversible addition − fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerisation reaction with a monomer conversion of over 99%, as determined by 1H NMR. The polymers were shown to be biocompatible when evaluated using a fibroblast dermal cell line while agar plating assay using cultures of C. albican demonstrated that the acid form of polyAMPS exhibited antimicrobial inhibition, which is potentiated in the presence of antimicrobial agents. The synthesised polymers were then used to fabricate dissolving MAPs, which were loaded with either ITRA or levofloxacin (LEV). The MAPs displayed acceptable mechanical resistance and punctured ex vivo skin to a depth of 600 µm. Skin deposition studies revealed that the MAPs were able to administer up to ∼ 1.9 mg of LEV (delivery efficiency: 94.7%) and ∼ 0.2 mg of ITRA (delivery efficiency: 45.9%), respectively. Collectively, the synthesis and development of this novel pharmaceutical system may offer a strategy to manage SSTIs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123292
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume644
Early online date16 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Itraconazole
  • Levofloxacin
  • Microarray patches
  • Poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid)
  • Skin and soft tissue infections

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