Fabrication of advanced targets for laser driven nuclear fusion reactions through standard microelectronics technology approaches

A. Picciotto*, M. Crivellari, P. Bellutti, M. Barozzi, M. Kucharik, J. Krasa, A. Swidlosky, A. Malinowska, A. Velyhan, J. Ullschmied, D. Margarone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon targets enriched with hydrogen and doped with boron at high atomic concentration (1020-1022 cm-3) were designed and fabricated using ion implantation and thermal diffusion processes to be used for experiments in the field of laser driven nuclear fusion. Two main types of target were prepared: thin (2 μ m) foils and thick (500 μ m) slabs. Such targets were irradiated with a sub-nanosecond, kJ-class laser with a moderate intensity (∼ 1016 W/cm2) to trigger the p(11B,α)2α nuclear fusion reaction thanks to the acceleration of proton streams with energy of 0.1-1 MeV . The combination of the ad-hoc developed targets and the given laser pulse parameters allowed to generate a very high flux of alpha particles (107-109/sr per shot). The paper mainly focuses on microfabrication techniques and processes optimized for the fabrication of such advanced targets and on a comparison of the key results achieved with the different targets used in the experiment. Hydrodynamic simulations are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP10001
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics
  • Plasma diagnostics - charged-particle spectroscopy
  • Plasma generation (laserproduced, RF, x ray-produced)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematical Physics
  • Instrumentation

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