Facile in situ synthesis of nanofluids based on ionic liquids and copper oxide clusters and nanoparticles

Malgorzata Swadźba-Kwaśny, Léa Chancelier, Shieling Ng, Haresh G. Manyar, Christopher Hardacre, Peter Nockemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Two stable nanofluids comprising of mixed valent copper(I,II) oxide clusters (<1 nm) suspended in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, [C(4)mim][OAc], and copper(II) oxide nanoparticles (<50 nm) suspended in trioctyl(dodecyl) phosphonium acetate, [P-88812][OAc], were synthesised in a facile one-pot reaction from solutions of copper(II) acetate hydrate in the corresponding ionic liquids. Formation of the nanostructures was studied using 13C NMR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). From a solution of Cu(OAc)2 in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, [C2mim][OAc], crystals were obtained that revealed the structure of [C2mim][Cu3(OAc)5(OH)2(H2O)]center dot H2O, indicating the formation of copper hydroxo-clusters in the course of the reaction. Synthesised nanostructures were studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Physical properties of the prepared IL-nanofluids were examined using IR and UV-VIS spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and densitometry. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number1
Early online date18 Nov 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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