Factors Associated with Mortality Including Nursing Home Transitions: A Retrospective Analysis of 25,418 People Prescribed Anti-Dementia Drugs in Northern Ireland

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Abstract

Background:
Understanding factors associated with mortality after a dementia diagnosis can provide essential information to the person with dementia, their family, and caregivers. To date very little is known about the factors associated with mortality after a dementia diagnosis in Northern Ireland.

Objective:
To determine how demographic and other factors such as deprivation and comorbidity medications influence mortality rates after a dementia diagnosis in Northern Ireland and whether these factors are influenced through nursing home transitions.

Methods:
25,418 people prescribed anti-dementia medication were identified through the enhanced prescribing database between 2010 and 2016. The impact of covariates including age, gender, marital status, deprivation measure, urban/rural classification, and comorbidity medications were examined using cox proportional hazard models with hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals.

Results:
Between 2010 and 2016, 12,129 deaths occurred, with 114 deaths/1,000 person years. Males had significantly higher mortality rates in comparison to females (HR = 1.28; 95% CI = 1.23–1.33); this was true regardless of whether the person with dementia transitioned to a nursing home. People prescribed anti-dementia drugs living with lower levels of deprivation had significantly lower mortality rates in comparison to people living with the highest levels of deprivation (HR = 0.93; 95% CI = 0.89–0.97). Diabetic (HR = 1.18; 95% CI = 1.07–1.29) and anti-arrhythmic (HR = 2.44; 95% CI = 1.01–5.91) medication in particular significantly influenced mortality.

Conclusion:
Male gender, higher comorbidity medications, and living in areas of higher deprivation significantly increased mortality rates for people prescribed anti-dementia drugs in our study population. When comorbidity medications were classified, only anti-arrhythmia and diabetic medications significantly increased mortality. Future research should continue to investigate factors which influence mortality after a dementia diagnosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Cohort studies
  • dementia
  • epidemiology
  • mortality

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