Factors influencing job loss and early retirement in working men with prostate cancer – findings from the population based Life After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis (LAPCD) study.

Damien Bennett, Therese Kearney, David Donnelly, Amy Downing, Penny Wright, Sarah Wilding, Richard Wagland, Elia Watson, Adam Glaser, Anna Gavin

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate factors associated with job-loss and early retirement in men diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa) 18-42 months previously.
Methods: Men ≤60 years at diagnosis who completed the Life After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis (LAPCD) survey were identified. Men who moved from employment at diagnosis to unemployment (EtoU) or retirement (EtoR) at survey (18-42 months post-diagnosis) were compared to men remaining in employment (EtoE). Socio-demographic, clinical and patient-reported factors were analysed in univariable and multivariable analysis.
Results: There were 3,218 men (81.4%) in the EtoE, 245 (6.2%) in EtoU and 450 (11.4%) in the EtoR groups. Men with stage IV disease (OR=4.7 95%CI 3.1–7.0, relative to Stage I/II) and reporting moderate/big bowel (OR=2.5, 95%CI 1.6–3.9) or urinary problems (OR=2.0, 95%CI 1.4–3.0) had greater odds of becoming unemployed. Other clinical (≥1 comorbidities, symptomatic at diagnosis) and socio-demographic (higher deprivation, divorced/separated), living in Scotland or Northern Ireland [NI]) factors were predictors of becoming unemployed. Men who were older, from NI, with Stage IV disease and with caring responsibilities had greater odds of retiring early. Self-employed and non-white men had lesser odds of retiring early.
Conclusion: PCa survivors who retire early following diagnosis do not report worse urinary or bowel problems compared to men remaining in employment. However, we identified clinical and socio-demographic factors which increased unemployment risk in PCa survivors.
Implications for Cancer Survivors: Targeted support and engagement with PCa survivors at risk of unemployment, including their families and employers, is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Prostate cancer
  • LAPCD
  • unemployment
  • Retirement

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