Factors influencing participation in cardiac rehabilitation programmes after referral and initial attendance: Qualitative systematic review and meta-synthesis

Alexander M. Clark*, Kathryn M. King-Shier, Melisa A. Spaling, Amanda S. Duncan, James A. Stone, Susan B. Jaglal, Jan E. Angus, David Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Greater participation in cardiac rehabilitation improves morbidity and mortality in people with coronary heart disease, but little is understood of patients?f decisions to participate. Methods: To develop interventions aimed at increasing completion of programmes, we conducted a qualitative systematic review and meta-synthesis to explore the complex factors and processes influencing participation in cardiac rehabilitation programmes after referral and initial access. To be included in the review, studies had to contain a qualitative research component, population specific data on programme participation in adults ≤18 years, and be published .1995 as full articles or theses. Ten databases were searched (31 October 2011) using 100+ search terms. Results: Of 2264 citations identified, 62 studies were included involving: 1646 patients (57% female; mean age 64.2), 143 caregivers, and 79 professionals. Patients?f participation was most strongly influenced by perceptions of the nature, suitability and scheduling of programmes, social comparisons made possible by programmes, and the degree to which programmes, providers, and programme users met expectations. Women?fs experiences of these factors rendered them less likely to complete. Comparatively, perceptions of programme benefits had little influence on participation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)948-959
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2013

Keywords

  • behavioural treatment
  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • Secondary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

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