Famine and land, 1845-80

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

While historians once tended to displace the Famine from a pivotal position in modern Irish history, more recent research emphasizes its centrality, and focuses upon the controversial issue of state responsibility. Mortality levels from the Famine place it, proportionately, as one of the most devastating recorded human catastrophes. Official British policy towards Ireland spanned two governments, those of Robert Peel and John Russell, with historians taking a more emollient view of the former: in fact there were significant continuities between the two. The legacy of the Famine was uneven, with commercial and technological advance and the consolidation of both the farming interest and landlordism. On the other hand, recent research emphasizes evidence of continuing economic uncertainty, particularly in the West, together with ongoing landlord-tenant tensions. Rural insecurities, crystallized by the poor harvests of 185964, underlay the post-Famine years, and fed into the politicization of the later 1870s.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford handbook of modern Irish history
EditorsAlvin Jackson
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages544-561
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)978-0-19-954934-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Publication series

NameOxford Handbooks in History

Fingerprint

Famine
Historian
Economics
Continuity
Government
Irish History
Uncertainty
Responsibility
Ireland
1870s
John Russell
Harvest
Consolidation
Centrality
Mortality
Tenants
Catastrophe
Landlords
Farming
Politicization

Cite this

Gray, P. (2014). Famine and land, 1845-80. In A. Jackson (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of modern Irish history (pp. 544-561). (Oxford Handbooks in History). Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199549344.001.0001
Gray, Peter. / Famine and land, 1845-80. The Oxford handbook of modern Irish history . editor / Alvin Jackson. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014. pp. 544-561 (Oxford Handbooks in History).
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Gray, P 2014, Famine and land, 1845-80. in A Jackson (ed.), The Oxford handbook of modern Irish history . Oxford Handbooks in History, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 544-561. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199549344.001.0001

Famine and land, 1845-80. / Gray, Peter.

The Oxford handbook of modern Irish history . ed. / Alvin Jackson. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014. p. 544-561 (Oxford Handbooks in History).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

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AB - While historians once tended to displace the Famine from a pivotal position in modern Irish history, more recent research emphasizes its centrality, and focuses upon the controversial issue of state responsibility. Mortality levels from the Famine place it, proportionately, as one of the most devastating recorded human catastrophes. Official British policy towards Ireland spanned two governments, those of Robert Peel and John Russell, with historians taking a more emollient view of the former: in fact there were significant continuities between the two. The legacy of the Famine was uneven, with commercial and technological advance and the consolidation of both the farming interest and landlordism. On the other hand, recent research emphasizes evidence of continuing economic uncertainty, particularly in the West, together with ongoing landlord-tenant tensions. Rural insecurities, crystallized by the poor harvests of 185964, underlay the post-Famine years, and fed into the politicization of the later 1870s.

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Gray P. Famine and land, 1845-80. In Jackson A, editor, The Oxford handbook of modern Irish history . Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2014. p. 544-561. (Oxford Handbooks in History). https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199549344.001.0001