Fasciola hepatica: studies on vaccination of rats and mice with a surface antigen prepared from fluke homogenate by means of a monoclonal antibody

R E Hanna, A Anderson, A G Trudgett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

T1 tegumental antigen was isolated from a homogenate of eight- to 10-week-old Fasciola hepatica using a T1-specific monoclonal antibody bound to sepharose in an antibody-affinity column. Rats and mice were vaccinated with T1 antigen in Freund's complete adjuvant, and control groups received equivalent amounts of non-T1 antigen (eluted from the antibody-affinity column) or ovalbumin. On completion of the immunisation programme, serum samples were collected for ELISA and IFA testing. The animals were challenged by oral infection with F hepatica metacercariae or, for several vaccinated rats, by intraperitoneal transplantation of live adult flukes. At autopsy, worm-burden and liver damage was assessed for each animal and the condition of transplanted flukes was examined. Comparison of test and control groups of animals showed that neither T1 nor non-T1 antigens provided significant protection against challenge, although specific antibody responses against the appropriate sensitising antigen were engendered. Flukes transplanted to the peritoneal cavity of immunised rats survived without damage, although they became encased in hollow fibrous capsules of host origin. The results lend support to the pre-existing concept that glycocalyx turnover by discharge of T1 secretory bodies at the apical surface of migrating flukes provides an efficient means of protection for the parasite against host immunity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-41
Number of pages5
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume44
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1988

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Helminth
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Helminth
  • Antigens, Surface
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Fasciola hepatica
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Vaccination

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