Fatigue behavior of laser-welded NiTi wires in small-strain cyclic bending

C.W. Chan, H.C. Man, F.T. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


NiTi wires and their weldments are commonly used in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), and in such applications, cyclic loading are commonly encountered. In this paper, the bending-rotation fatigue (BRF) test was used to study the bending fatigue behavior of NiTi wire laser weldment in the small-strain regime. The fracture mechanism, which includes crack initiation, crack growth and propagation of the weldment in the BRF test, was investigated with the aid of SEM fractography and discussed in terms of the microstructure. It was found that crack initiation was primarily surface-condition dependent. The cracks were found to initiate at the surface defects at the weld zone (WZ) surface, and the crack propagation was assisted by the gas inclusions in the WZ. The weldment was finally fractured in a ductile manner. The fatigue life was found to decrease with increasing surface strain and also with increasing bending frequency (controlled by the rotational speed in the BRF test). In comparison, the fatigue life of the unwelded NiTi wires was higher than their welded counterparts at all strain levels and bending frequencies. The decrease in fatigue resistance of the weldment could be attributed to the surface and microstructural defects introduced during laser welding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
Early online date03 Sept 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Mechanical Characterization
  • Shape Memory Alloys
  • Welding
  • Fatigue
  • Fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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