This article describes the use of fibre reinforced polymer composites to increase the strength of an isotropic metallic cylindrical shell against elephant’s foot buckling. This form of buckling occurs when a cylindrical shell structure is subjected to high internal pressure together with an axial force, such as those that may occur in tanks and silos. It is particularly relevant to tanks under seismic action. Although fibre reinforced polymer composites have been widely applied to different types of structures under several loading conditions, its use to strengthen thin steel cylindrical shells has been very limited. Here, a non-linear elasto-plastic finite element idealisation is used to explore the strengthening effect of a fibre reinforced polymer strip on a thin cylinder. The optimum size and position of the fibre reinforced polymer sheet were obtained and empirically formulated. This study has shown that the strength after repair is sensitive to minor changes in the fibre reinforced polymer parameters so that a close adherence to the optimum parameter values is very desirable.
Bibliographical noteArticle by invitation for a special issue
- elephant’s foot buckling
- fibre reinforced polymer
- non-linear analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction