This paper reviews statistical models obtained from a composite factorial design study, which was carried out to determine the influence of three key parameters of mixture composition on filling ability and passing ability of self-consolidating concrete (SCC). This study was a part of the European project “Testing SCC”- GRD2-2000-30024. The parameters considered in this study were the dosages of water and high-range water-reducing admixture (HRWRA), and the volume of coarse aggregates. The responses of the derived statistical models were slump flow, T50 , T60, V-funnel flow time, Orimet flow time, and blocking ratio (L-box). The retention of these tests was also measured at 30 and 60 minutes after adding the first water. The models are valid for mixtures made with 188 to 208 L/m3 (317 to 350 lb/yd3) of water, 3.8 to 5.8 kg/m3 (570 to 970 mL/100 kg of binder) of HRWRA, and 220 to 360 L/m3 (5.97 to 9.76 ft3/yd3) of coarse aggregates. The utility of such models to optimize concrete mixtures and to achieve a good balance between filling ability and passing ability is discussed. Examples highlighting the usefulness of the models are presented using isoresponse surfaces to demonstrate single and coupled effects of mixture parameters on slump flow, T50 , T60 , V-funnel flow time, Orimet flow time, and blocking ratio. The paper also illustrates the various trade-offs between the mixture parameters on the derived responses that affected the filling and the passing ability.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||ACI Materials Journal|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)