Filling Ability and Plastic Settlement of Self-Compacting Concrete

Mohamed Sonebi, P. Bartos

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    56 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The use of self-compacting concrete (SCC) facilitates the placing of concrete by eliminating the need for compaction by vibration. Given the highly flowable nature of such concrete, care is required to ensure excellent filling ability and adequate stability. This is especially important in deep structural members and wall elements where concrete can block the flow, segregate and exhibit bleeding and settlement which can result in local defects that can reduce mechanical properties, durability and quality of surface finish. This paper shows results of an investigation of fresh properties of self-compacting concrete, such as filling ability measured by slump flow and flow time (measured by Orimet) and plastic fresh settlement measured in a column. The SCC mixes incorporated various combinations of fine inorganic powders and admixtures. The slump flow of all SCCs was greater than 580 mm and the time in which the slumping concrete reached 500 rnm was less than 3 s. The flow time was less than 5 s. The results on SCCs were compared to a control mix. The compressive strength and splitting tensile strength of SCCs were also measured. The effects of water/powder ratio, slump and nature of the sand on the fresh settlement were also evaluated. The volume of coarse aggregate and the dosage of superphsticizer were kept constant. It can be concluded that the settlement of fresh self-compacting concrete increased with the increase in water/powder ratio and slump. The nature of sand influenced the maximum settlement.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)462-469
    Number of pages8
    JournalMaterials & Structures
    Volume35, No. 252
    Issue number252 SPEC.
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Building and Construction
    • Materials Science(all)

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